عربي
Posted On Mar 19, 2017

 

The latest installment of the Oman Medical Journal was issued this March. Oman Med J’s Volume 32, Issue 2, March 2017 contains an editorial, review article, eight original articles, four case reports, clinical quiz, clinical notes and letter to editor. In this issue, the journal approaches important issues in medical care and scientific research in medicine, and contributes new knowledge to experts and scholars as well as the public.

The editorial titled "Mental Health Services in Oman: The Need for More Cultural Relevance" talks about Mental Health Services in Oman. The editorial gives some information according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Disorders Fact Sheet for 2016, 478.5 million people worldwide exhibit cognitive, emotional, and social impairments (CESI). These impairments include depressive illnesses (350 million), bipolar affective disorder (60 million), schizophrenia and other psychoses (21 million), and dementia (47.5 million). This number is an underestimate because it does not include developmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The subsequent impact on healthcare system and society in general is likely to be detrimental. Studies show that Oman, a rapidly developing and demographically transitioning country, has a rising share of its own CESI affected population, but mental health interventions too often do not reach sufferers.

 

The review article titled "Oman Vision 2050 for Health Research: A Strategic Plan for the Future Based on the Past and Present Experience" talks about the Health Vision 2050 for Health Research in Oman. Health care delivery in Oman has attained great heights since the modern renaissance in 1970. The importance of research in health began to take place by mid 1990s and is now gaining momentum as an important responsibility and activity of the Ministry of Health (MoH). Centre of Studies and Research in MoH has proposed a strategic plan, the ‘Health Vision 2050 for Health Research’ with the vision to make Oman the regional leader and a research hub of world standards in health research. The mission is to promote, facilitate, and conduct high quality health research addressing national health priorities in order to improve health care services and enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the health system, reduce health inequity, and contribute to socio-economic development. The strategy is by setting health research priorities, strengthening health research capacity, defining and implementing norms and standards, developing health research (quality and quantity), translating evidence into policy, strategy and practice, monitoring and coordinating research, financing health research, and evaluating effectiveness of the health research system.  The review concludes that the MoH through its Health Vision 2050 for health research hope to achieve the vision it has set in its target. It is equally important to adapt to the changing scenarios in health service from time to time and with the needed course correction, will meet the evolving need and overcome the challenges of the next 40 years. Knowledge of the past and present problems, and challenges enabled us to draw this strategic plan which will hopefully be a corner stone to achieve the 2050 vision for health research.

One of the original articles titled "Usefulness of Clinical Prediction Rules, D-dimer and Arterial Blood Gas Analysis to Predict Pulmonary Embolism in Cancer Patients" aims to look at the utility of  arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and D-dimer in predicting Pulmonary embolism (PE) in cancer patients. The study concluded that the clinical prediction rules and a low A-a gradient are useful in excluding PE in cancer patients. There is a need for prospective trials to validate these results.

 

Another original article titled " Characteristics of Neonatal Pneumothorax in Saudi Arabia: Three Years’ Experience" aims to identify the incidence, clinical characteristics, predisposing factors, morbidity, and mortality among hospitalized neonates with pneumothorax. This study highlights the extent of neonatal pneumothorax problems among hospitalized neonates and the most common predisposing factors of neonatal pneumothorax.

 

 

 

 

The following case reports titles are also included in this issue: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome with Ureteric Remnant Abscess Managed Laparoscopically: A Case Report, Management of a Viable Cesarean Scar Pregnancy: A Case Report, Nosocomial Pseudomonas putida Meningitis: A Case Report and Literature Review, and Angiographic Embolization in the Treatment of Puerperal Hematoma

 

Oman Medical Journal was founded in 1984. It is a peer-reviewed journal, publishes six issues a year by Oman Medical Specialty Board. It intends to engage and inform doctors, researchers and other health professionals by publishing a wide range of peer-reviewed articles in various medical disciplines.  If you want to see the old issues you can visit our website http://www.omjournal.org.